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Posts tagged ‘Russia’

Anti-alcohol posters in the Soviet Union-Οι σύντροφοι είχαν δίκιο ο αλκοολισμός είναι αρρώστεια το αλκοόλ με μέτρο είναι αναγκαίο, τουλάχιστον για τον βάρβαρο καπιταλισμό που ζούμε.

Από  http://www.wineterroirs.com

Soviet_anti-alcohol-just_say_noJust say noHere comes New Year, a time of unrestrained excesses worldwide and I thought it might be well timed to have a visual reminder of the dangers we face when we raise our glass or grab a bottle.
These posters remind us of the Soviet Union’s and Russia’s long-running struggle with a national plague, chronic drunkenness among a sizeable part of its male population. This fight took many forms including a total prohibition try during the Gorbatchev years, and state-employed artists provided dozens of images to move workers away from disastrous overdrinking habits.
This problem never really went away and a couple years ago, a new Russian law restricted the sales of alcohol after certain hours, thus closing off the access to the wine and vodka aisles in supermarkets. The St Petersburg government recently added amendments to widen the hours during which alcohol couldn’t be purchased.
With the growing prosperity and travel capacity, airlines are also faced with an increasing number of unruly passengers getting into brawls during flights after excessive drinking, and the authorities consider forbidding in-flight booze sales. I noticed myself when I flew on Aeroflot earlier this year that the flight attendants didn’t offer vodka anymore, you had to pay for it. Russia is not Russia anymore…
Soviet_anti-alcohol_prisonners_of_drinkingPrisonners of drinkingSoviet_alcohol_exchangedSad exchangeSoviet_anti-alcohol_riche_culture_interieureDiverse inner lifeSoviet_anti-alcohol_and_they_call_us_pigsAnd they’re calling us pigs…Soviet_anti-alcohol_dont_buy_counterfeit_boozeThe worst ennemy of the black-marketeerSoviet_anti-alcohol_down_with_drinkers-say_it_loud1929Down with drinkers – Say it Loud ! 1929Soviet_anti-alcohol_ennemy_of_reasonThe ennemy of reasonSoviet_anti-alcohol_have_mercy_for_unborn_childHave mercy for the unborn childSoviet_anti-alcohol_clean-upClean up !Soviet_antialcohol_calendar_leavesToo lateSoviet_anti-alcohol_dont_drink_dad_1929Dad, don’t drink !Soviet_anti-alcohol_eradicate_this_evil1959Eradicate this evil (1959)Soviet_anti-alcohol_na_zdrovye_1969Na Zdrovye… (1969)Soviet_anti-alcohol_no_drunk_workers1966No drunk workers (1966)Soviet_anti-alcohol_not_a_drop1961Not a drop ! (1961)Soviet_anti-alcohol_overcomeOvercomeSoviet_anti-alcohol_party_hangoverRemember you need to wake up early tomorrow morningSoviet_anti-alcohol_cultural_revolution1930Cultural revolution (1930)Soviet_anti-alcohol-sexual_failureCollateral casualtySoviet_anti-alcohol-russian_fieldRussian fieldSoviet_anti-alcohol-hangalcOholSoviet_anti-alcohol-drunks_outDrunkards out !Soviet_anti-alcohol-change_for_the_betterChange for the betterSoviet_anti-alcohol-dont_be_drunkDon’t be drunk !Soviet_anti-alcohol-crime_accompliceCrime accompliceSoviet_anti-alcohol-behind_vodka_barsBehind vodka barsSoviet_anti-alcohol-ennemy_of_cultural_revolutionEnnemy of the cultural revolutionSoviet_anti-alcohol_stop_1929Stop ! (1929)Soviet_anti-alcohol-slippery_behaviourSlippery behaviourSoviet_anti-alcohol_shameShame !Soviet_anti-alcohol-dont_dare1989Don’t dare ! (1989)Soviet_anti-alcohol-chooseSwappedSoviet_anti-alcohol_you_drink-your_family_is_hungry1930You drink, your family is hungry (1930)Soviet_anti-alcohol-where_is_the_family_moneyWhere is the family money ?Soviet_anti-alcohol-was_given_wine-became_crazyWas given wine, lost his mindSoviet_anti-alcohol-vodka_bad_for_your_heartBad for your heartSoviet_anti-alcohol-vodka_bad_for_productionVodka bad for productionSoviet_anti-alcohol-the_fallKeep your headSoviet_anti-alcohol-the_river_starts_with_a_creekThe river starts with a trickleSoviet_anti-alcohol-stop_samogonStop samogon ! [samogon is moonshine]Soviet_anti-alcohol-time_to_stop_collective_madnessTime to stop this collective madnessSoviet_anti-alcohol-why_not_change_labelJust switch labels [fruit juice in the place of 19%-strong white wine]Russian_advertising_on_dangers_for_drinking_womenModern anti-alcohol ad targeting womenOriginal text :Чрезмерное потребление пива влияет на женственность. Это приводит к ростуволос на лице и резкому запаху тела за счет увеличения мужских гормоновExcessive consumption of beer affects feminity. It leads to an increase infacial hair and body odor because of an increase in male hormonesSoviet_happy_family_1956Healthy family :Children : happiness of the family and the nation’s future (1950)

7 Strange Fermented Drinks From Around The World

wine folly
Wine and beer aren’t the only fermented drinks out there. Let’s take a look at some other unique fermented drinks from around the world. These beverages use ingredients other than grapes and have interesting cultural history. It just goes to show, human beings love to ferment things.

7 Unusual Fermented Drinks From Around The World


1. Dark Tea

Pu-Erh Dark Fermented Tea
A compressed cake of Pu-erh dark tea. by Ignat Gorazd

Fermented Drinks Dark Tea Pu-erh
Dark fermented tea color. by Ignat Gorazd

Dark Tea

Dark tea is a fermented tea from China. In order to make it, the tea leaves are rolled and moistened then the tea is left out to ferment over a period of time (sometimes up to several years!). The tea leaves become black and are commonly compressed into cakes. Pu-erh is the most famous dark tea from the Yunnan Province of China. Pu-erh teas come in two styles: fermented (a.k.a. ‘ripe’) and unfermented (a.k.a. ‘raw’).

The Chinese believe that dark teas are cure-alls to many common health conditions. When tea is fermented, the flavors change to richer, rounder textures which are sometimes described as tasting like dried Chinese dates.


2. Basi

basi-fermented-drinks
Bottles of Basi source

basi-wine-phillipines-food
Basi earthenware fermentation jars. source

Basi

  • Origin: Phillipines
  • What is it? Fermented sugarcane
  • 10-16% Alcohol
  • Semi-Sweet

Basi is fascinating because it’s fermented similar to wine but made with sugarcane. The traditional methods of making Basi vary depending on the region, however the basic concept is that sugarcane juice is boiled and mixed with samac leaves and different barks. The leaves have high levels of wine yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, on them which causes the sugarcane juice to ferment. After the fermentation, Basi wines are typically aged for 6-12 months in earthenware vessels. The best Basi are aged up to 10 years. Basi gains about a percent of alcohol per year.

Basi has a sweet and sour taste with bitterness based on the barks used.


3. Kvass

kvass-in-lithuania
A cup of Kvass source

kvass-lithuania-russia-fermented-drinks
Drinking Kvass somewhere in Russia source

Kvass

  • Origin: Russia, Lithuania (etc)
  • What is it? Fermented Rye Bread
  • 1% Alcohol
  • Slightly Sweet

Kvass is fermented rye bread that is sometimes sweetened or flavored with fruit and mint. In Russia, it has been marketed as the patriotic alternative to cola. Kvass is bubbly and has a malty flavor and most producers also make it a touch sweet. Although, it’s not considered to be an alcoholic beverage, it has about the same amount of alcohol in it as Kombucha.


4. Kefir

kefir
Kefir is a fast-fermented drink made with milk and ‘kefir grains’. source

kefir-grains
Kefir grains with ‘magical’ properties. source

Kefir

  • Origin: Northern Caucasus (Russia)
  • What is it? Fermented Milk
  • 1% Alcohol
  • dry

Kefir is fermented milk made with something called ‘kefir grains’, a live kefir starter. Kefir is a fast-fermented drink that can be made within 24 hours of adding ‘kefir grains’ to plain milk. Over hundreds of years ‘kefir grains’ were passed down through elite families as a secret until the “All Russian Physician’s Society” got their hands on about 10 pounds of the grains to make commercial Kefir.

Currently, there are kefir products available in the US or you can buy ‘kefir grains’ to make your own.

 

Wine Descriptions Chart Infographic

Expand your wine description vocabulary

Check out the infographic of 120+ wine descriptions and what it means to drink something ‘Extracted’

Wine Descriptions Infographic

 

5. Toddy

toddy-palm-wine
A typical way that toddy is served. source

toddy-palm-wine-india
A toddy shop in Kumarakam, Kerala, India – source

Toddy

  • Origin: Asia, Africa & India
  • What is it? Fermented Palm Sap
  • 3-6% Alcohol
  • semi-sweet

Toddy, or Kallu as some call it, is palm sap wine. It is common throughout India, South East Asia and Africa. Most Toddy is served fast, within about 24 hours of it being made, giving it a very juicy, freshly fermented flavor. It is known for having a strong smell. As the Toddy sits it continues to ferment and eventually becomes sour and acidic.

Palm wine doesn’t have a long shelf life.


6. Makgeolli (Makkoli)

makgeolli-korean-fermented-rice-wine
Makgeolli is served in bowls. source

makgeolli-wine-korean-drink
Many brands of Makgeolli now exist thanks to the renewed interest in 2009 source

makgeolli-tasting-with-the-government
Japanese Prime Minister Hatoyama Yukio and Korean President Lee Myung-bak raise Makgeolli cups. source

Makgeolli

  • Origin: Korea
  • What is it? Fermented Rice Wine
  • 6-8% Alcohol
  • dry

In Korea, Makgeolli has been growing rapidly in popularity. While Makgeolli is a longstanding Korean peasant tradition, it has only just become more readily available and well-respected. There is even a Makgeolli sommelier who teaches the practice of making the fermented wine beverage as part of a Korean heritage program. Makgeolli is a lot closer to beer in its style and alcohol content level.

Traditionally Makgreolli is served in a cup so that you can stir it to keep it white and cloudy.


7. Huangjiu (a.k.a. Shaoxing Wine)

Shaoxing huangjiu chinese rice wine
Shaoxing in a non-traditional wine glass. source

Traditional Shaoxing Containers for aging Chinese rice wine
Traditional sealed Shaoxing containers. source

Huangjiu

  • Origin: China
  • What is it? Chinese Rice Wine
  • 13-16% Alcohol
  • dry – sweet

The most famous type of Huangjiu is from the Eastern Province of China in a region called Shaoxing. Shaoxing is commonly used in cooking but is also served as an aperitif at the beginning of a meal. The term ‘Drunken Chicken’ refers to the use of Shaoxing wine in cooking. There are several different styles of Chinese rice wine, including an aged version that cellars for many years in traditional Chinese sealed pots.

The driest Shaoxing has no residual sugar and the sweetest has nearly 200 grams per liter!

 

Check out some Unbelievable Wine Regions

Sources
Main article image by Crunchy Lens
Dark Teas on wikipedia.org
Learn more about Pu-Erh tea
Details on Basi from Traditional Sugarcane Wine Production
More details on Basi and the 200 year-old Basi Revolt
Making kefir
Shaoxing wine on wikipedia.org
Find out more about Makgeolli on Korea.net
Wine Folly – Learn about wine and spirits.

 

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